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  • Writer's pictureHolly Heartz

Gas and Bloating: Causes and Nutritional Relief Strategies

Gas and bloating are widespread digestive issues that can cause discomfort and embarrassment for many individuals. While occasional gas and mild bloating are normal (typically around 12-25 gas passes and/or burps per day), excessive gas and bloating can significantly impact daily life and may indicate underlying digestive issues. Fortunately, simple changes to diet and lifestyle can often provide relief and improve digestive health. In this blog post, we'll delve into the causes of gas and bloating and offer practical nutrition tips to help alleviate these symptoms.

Understanding the Causes:

Gas and bloating can stem from various factors, including:

  1. Dietary Choices: Certain foods cause more gas and bloating than others. While these foods provide lots of nutrition, they may exacerbate digestive issues. Examples include:

  • Artichokes

  • Asparagus

  • Beans and lentils

  • Cruciferous vegetables (e.g., broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower)

  • Onions

  • Garlic

  • Certain fruits (e.g., pears, apples, peaches and their juices)

  • Dairy products (for those with lactose intolerance)

  1. Eating Habits: Quick eating, gum chewing, straw usage, and large meals can contribute to swallowing excess air, leading to gas and bloating. Eat slowly, chew food thoroughly, and avoid overeating by opting for smaller, more frequent meals and snacks.

  2. Food Intolerances: Some individuals may have difficulty digesting certain foods due to intolerances or sensitivities, such as lactose or gluten intolerance.

  3. Digestive Disorders: Conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can manifest as gas, bloating, and other digestive symptoms.

  4. Bacterial Imbalance: Disruptions in the gut microbiota can hinder the digestion process, leading to increased gas production.

Nutrition Tips for Relief:

Making strategic dietary changes can often alleviate gas and bloating. Here are some tips to consider:

  1. Identify Trigger Foods: Maintain a food diary to track symptoms and pinpoint foods or beverages that exacerbate gas and bloating. Once identified, consider reducing or eliminating these items from your diet.

  2. Eat Mindfully: Practice mindful eating by chewing food slowly and avoiding rushed meals, which can lead to swallowing excess air.

  3. Limit Gas-Producing Foods: Reduce consumption of gas-producing foods, including those mentioned earlier, and carbonated beverages. Experiment with cooking methods, such as soaking beans before cooking, to enhance digestibility.

  4. Check Ingredient Lists: Beware of ingredients like sugar alcohols (e.g., sorbitol, mannitol, xylitol) found in sugar-free products, as well as high-fructose corn syrup and fructose-containing beverages, which can contribute to gas and bloating.

  5. Try Probiotics: Incorporate probiotic-rich foods like yogurt, kefir, sauerkraut, and kimchi into your diet or consider a probiotic supplement under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

  6. Stay Hydrated: Drink adequate amounts of water throughout the day to support digestion and prevent constipation, a potential contributor to bloating.

  7. Manage Stress: Practice stress-reduction techniques like deep breathing, meditation, or yoga, as stress can exacerbate digestive symptoms.

  8. Physical Activity: Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate exercise weekly to promote healthy digestion and keep food moving through the digestive tract.

  9. Fiber-Rich Foods: Gradually incorporate fiber-rich foods like whole grains and bran into your diet, accompanied by sufficient fluid intake to aid digestion.

  10. Seek Professional Guidance: If gas and bloating persist despite dietary changes, consult a Registered DIetitian to rule out underlying conditions and develop a personalized treatment plan.


Gas and bloating are common digestive complaints that can often be managed through dietary adjustments and lifestyle modifications. By identifying trigger foods, practicing mindful eating, and incorporating gut-friendly habits, you can alleviate discomfort and promote better digestive health. However, if symptoms persist, seeking professional guidance is crucial to address any underlying conditions effectively. Remember, relief is possible with the right approach and support.


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